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  • Writer's pictureSimone

Hormonal imbalances affecting fertility

Hormonal problems and irregularities, such hyper and hypo thyroid activity can impact fertility, the female cycle and male sperm production and quality.

Common causes of hormonal imbalance that affect ovulation

Some of the most commonly diagnosed conditions and hormonal imbalances are anovulation, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hyperprolactinemia.

These conditions often result in infrequent or absent ovulation, which complicates an individual’s or couple’s ability to become pregnant.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance

Often times, hormonal imbalance is not diagnosed until an individual experiences infertility. Women may experience one or more of the following symptoms:


  • Absent or irregular periods.

  • Spotting between periods.

  • Heavy or painful periods.

  • Increased hair growth on the face, neck, chest, and back.

  • Unexplained weight gain.

  • Constipation and diarrhea.

Men are less likely to have a hormonal imbalance that contributes to infertility than women, but they may still experience symptoms such as:

  • Erectile dysfunction.

  • Low sperm count.

  • Reduced body hair growth.

  • Breast tenderness and overdevelopment of breast tissue.

  • Thinning hair or male pattern hair loss.


It’s important to discuss any of the above symptoms with a reproductive endocrinologist if infertility is suspected.





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