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Lifestyle factors and endometrial 

Updated: Apr 16




Many aspects play a role in our body-mind health balance and may contribute to the trajectory of medical conditions. Women’s health issues frequently, remain undetected or mistakenly diagnosed.  One of these issues, which affects an estimated of 10% women globally, is endometriosis. It has enormous implications on the quality of a woman's life. This severe inflammatory condition occurs  globally in 190 million women of reproductive age (1). Endometriosis can cause constant and intense pelvic pain, especially during periods, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and infertility. Endometriosis is the cause of 70% of all chronic pelvic pain cases in women in the United States (2). The cost of illness burden is significant in women with chronic pelvic pain, particularly the productivity costs (3). The productivity loss is the greatest contributor to the overall costs. Given pain is the most significant contributor, priority should be given to improving pain control in women with pelvic pain (4).


  • It is a chronic disease associated with severe, life-impacting pain during periods, sexual intercourse, bowel movements and/or urination, chronic pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, nausea, fatigue, and sometimes depression, anxiety, and infertility.

  • There is currently no known cure for endometriosis and treatment is usually aimed at controlling symptoms.

  • Access to early diagnosis and effective treatment of endometriosis is important, but is limited in many settings, including in low- and middle-income countries (5).


Treatment

Treatments to manage endometriosis can vary based on the severity of symptoms and whether pregnancy is desired. No treatments cure the disease.

A range of medications can help manage endometriosis and its symptoms.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and analgesics (painkillers) like ibuprofen and naproxen are often used to treat pain.

Hormonal medicines like GnRH-analogues and contraceptive (birth control) methods can also help control pain.

These methods include:

  • pills

  • hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs)

  • vaginal rings

  • implants

  • injections

  • patches  

References

  1. https://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2023-03-14-global-study-shows-experience-endometriosis-rooted-genetics#:~:text=Endometriosis%20has%20enormous%20implications%20on,depression%2C%20anxiety%2C%20and%20infertility.

  2. Payne JA. Acupuncture for Endometriosis: A Case Study. Med Acupunct. 2019 Dec 1;31(6):392-394. doi: 10.1089/acu.2019.1379. Epub 2019 Dec 13. PMID: 31871528; PMCID: PMC6918512.

  3. Armour M, Lawson K, Wood A, Smith CA, Abbott J. The cost of illness and economic burden of endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain in Australia: A national online survey. PLoS One. 2019 Oct 10;14(10):e0223316. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0223316. PMID: 31600241; PMCID: PMC6786587.

  4. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/endometriosis

  5. https://www.endometriosis-uk.org/endometriosis-facts-and-figures


@drschwank

@unesurcent

@optimalperformancezurich



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